Many health, environmental, and social challenges across the globe - from diabetes to climate change - are regularly discussed in terms of imbalances in biological, ecological, and social systems. Yet, as contributions to this collection demonstrate, while the pressures of modernity have long been held to be pathogenic, strategies for addressing modern excesses and deficiencies of bodies and minds have frequently focused on the agency of the individual, self-knowledge, and individual choices. This volume explores how concepts of 'balance' have been central to modern politics, medicine, and society, analysing the diverse ways in which balanced and unbalanced selfhoods have been subject to construction, intervention, and challenge across the long twentieth century. Through original chapters on subjects as varied as obesity control, fatigue and the regulation of work, and the physiology of exploration in extreme conditions, Balancing the self explores how the mechanisms and meanings of balance have been framed historically. Together, contributions examine the positive narratives that have been attached to the ideals and practices of 'self-help', the diverse agencies historically involved in cultivating new 'balanced' selves, and the extent to which rhetorics of empowerment and responsibility have been used for a variety of purposes, from disciplining bodies to cutting social security. With contributions from leading and emerging scholars such as Dorothy Porter, Alex Mold, Vanessa Heggie, Chris Millard, and Natasha Feiner, Balancing the self generates new insights into emerging fields of health governance, subjectivity, and balance. -- .
Introduction: balancing the self in the twentieth century - Mark Jackson and Martin D. Moore Part I: Configuring balance 2 Balance and the 'good' diabetic in Britain, c.1900-1960 - Martin D. Moore 3 From the alcoholic to the sensible drinker: alcohol health education campaigns in England - Alex Mold 4 `Look After Yourself': visualising obesity as a public health concern in 1970s and 1980s Britain - Jane Hand Part II: Regulating imbalance 5 Self-help and self-promotion: dietary advice and agency in North America and Britain - Nicos Kefalas 6 Your life in your hands: teaching `relaxed living' in post-war Britain - Ayesha Nathoo 7 Pilot fatigue and the regulation of airline schedules in post-war Britain - Natasha Feiner Part III: Reconfiguring balance 8 Extreme acts: narratives of balance and moderation at the limits of human performance - Vanessa Heggie 9 Self-help, marriage guidance and the making of the midlife crisis - Mark Jackson 10 Balancing contested meanings of creativity and pathology in Parkinson's Disease - Dorothy Porter 11 Conclusion: balance, malleability and anthropology: historical contexts - Chris Millard Index -- .