Cognitive Errors and Diagnostic Mistakes

  • Jonathan Howard
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Beschrijving
This case-based book illustrates and explores common cognitive biases and their consequences in the practice of medicine. The book begins with an introduction that explains the concept of cognitive errors and their importance in clinical medicine and current controversies within healthcare. The core of the book features chapters dedicated to particular cognitive biases; cases are presented and followed by a discussion of the clinician's rationale and an overview of the particular cognitive bias. Engaging and easy to read, this text provides strategies on minimizing cognitive errors in various medical and professional settings.
Inhoudsopgave
An introduction to cognitive biases and how they led to errors and impact medical diagnoses Aggregate bias Anchoring Availability Base-rate neglect Commission bias Diagnosis momentum Feedback sanction Framing effect Fundamental attribution error Gambler's fallacy Gender bias Hindsight bias Multiple alternatives bias Omission bias Order effects Outcome bias Overconfidence bias Playing the odds Posterior probability error Premature closure Psych-out error Representativeness restraint Search satisfying Sutton's slip Triage cueing Unpacking principle Vertical line failure Visceral bias Yin Yang Strategies to improve critical thinking and minimize cognitive biases/diagnostic errors
Review
"This book is a textbook explaining our cognitive errors. Its theme is medicine but the same errors occur everywhere. We all need to understand our psychological foibles in order to think clearly about every aspect of our lives and to make the best decisions. Every doctor would benefit from reading this book, and I wish it could be required reading in medical schools. I wish everyone who considers trying CAM would read it first." (Sciene-Based Medicine, sciencebasedmedicine.org, January, 2019)
Productdetails
Uitgavejaar 2018
ISBN 9783319932231
Verschijningsdatum 6 dec. 2018
Omvang 588
Editie 1st ed. 2019
Auteur(s) Jonathan Howard
Bindwijze Paperback
Taal Engels

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