Gray's Atlas of Anatomy, the companion resource to the popular Gray's Anatomy for Students, presents a vivid, visual depiction of anatomical structures. Newly updated with a wealth of material to facilitate study, this medical textbook demonstrates the correlation of structures with appropriate clinical images and surface anatomy - essential for proper identification in the dissection lab and successful preparation for course exams. Clinically focused, consistently and clearly illustrated throughout, and logically organized, Gray's Atlas of Anatomy makes it easier than ever to master the essential anatomy knowledge you need! Build on your existing anatomy knowledge with structures presented from a superficial to deep orientation, representing a logical progression through the body. Identify the various anatomical structures of the body and better understand their relationships to each other with the visual guidance of nearly 1,000 exquisitely illustrated anatomical figures. Visualize the clinical correlation between anatomical structures and surface landmarks with surface anatomy photographs overlaid with anatomical drawings. Recognize anatomical structures as they present in practice through more than 270 clinical images - including laparoscopic, radiologic, surgical, ophthalmoscopic, otoscopic, and other clinical views - placed adjacent to anatomic artwork for side-by-side comparison. Quickly access and review key information with more clinical correlations, in addition to new Summary Tables at the end of each chapter that cover relevant muscles, nerves, and arteries. Gain a full understanding of cranial nerves through a brand-new Cranial Nerve Review section that offers a visual guide of the nerves, a table of reflexes, and an additional table of nerve lesions. Access the complete contents, dissection video clips, and self-assessment questions online at Student Consult.com.
1 THE BODY Anatomical position, terms, and planes 2 Anatomical planes and imaging 3 Surface anatomy: anterior view 4 Surface anatomy: posterior view 5 Skeleton: anterior 6 Skeleton: posterior 7 Muscles: anterior 8 Muscles: posterior 9 Vascular system: arteries 10 Vascular system: veins 11 Lymphatic system 12 Nervous system 13 Sympathetics 14 Parasympathetics 15 Dermatomes 16 Cutaneous nerves 17 2 BACK Surface anatomy 20 Vertebral column 21 Regional vertebrae 22 Cervical vertebrae 23 Thoracic vertebrae 26 Lumbar vertebrae 28 Sacrum 31 Intervertebral foramina and discs 32 Intervertebral disc problems 33 Joints and ligaments 35 Back musculature: surface anatomy 36 Superficial musculature 37 Intermediate musculature 39 Deep musculature 40 Back musculature: transverse section 42 Suboccipital region 43 Spinal nerves 44 Spinal cord 45 Spinal cord vasculature 46 Venous drainage of spinal cord 47 Meninges 48 Spinal cord: imaging 50 Transverse section: thoracic region 52 Dermatomes and cutaneous nerves 53 Tables 54 3 THORAX Surface anatomy with bones 62 Bony framework 63 Ribs 65 Articulations 66 Breast 68 Pectoral region 70 Thoracic wall muscles 72 Diaphragm 73 Arteries of the thoracic wall 74 Veins of the thoracic wall 75 Nerves of the thoracic wall 76 Lymphatics of the thoracic wall 77 Intercostal nerves and arteries 78 Pleural cavities and mediastinum 79 Parietal pleura 80 Surface projections of pleural recesses 81 Right lung 82 Left lung 83 Lung lobes: surface relationship 84 Lung lobes: imaging 85 Bronchial tree 86 Bronchopulmonary segments 87 Pulmonary vessels and plexus 88 Pulmonary vessels: imaging 89 Mediastinum 91 Pericardium 92 Pericardial layers 93 Anterior surface of heart 94 Base and diaphragmatic surface of heart 95 Right atrium 96 Right ventricle 97 Left atrium 98 Left ventricle 99 Aortic valve and cardiac skeleton 100 Cardiac chambers and heart valves 101 Coronary vessels 102 Coronary arteries and variations 103 Cardiac conduction system 105 Auscultation points and heart sounds 106 Cardiac innervation 107 Superior mediastinum: thymus 108 Superior mediastinum: veins and arteries 109 Superior mediastinum: arteries and nerves 110 Superior mediastinum: imaging 111 Superior mediastinum: veins and trachea 112 Mediastinum: imaging 113 Mediastinum: view from right 114 Mediastinum: imaging - view from right 115 Mediastinum: view from left 116 Mediastinum: imaging - view from left 117 Posterior mediastinum 118 Mediastinum: imaging 120 Transverse section: TVIII level 124 Dermatomes and cutaneous nerves 125 Visceral efferent (motor) innervation of the heart 126 Visceral afferents 127 Tables 128 4 ABDOMEN Surface anatomy 134 Quadrants and regions 135 Abdominal wall 136 Muscles 138 Muscles: rectus sheath 141 Vessels of the abdominal wall 142 Arteries and lymphatics of the abdominal wall 143 Nerves of the abdominal wall 144 Dermatomes and cutaneous nerves 145 Inguinal region 146 Inguinal canal 148 Inguinal hernias 150 Anterior abdominal wall 151 Greater omentum 152 Abdominal viscera 153 Peritoneal cavity 154 Abdominal sagittal section 155 Abdominal coronal section 156 Arterial supply of viscera 157 Stomach 158 Spleen 159 Arteries of stomach and spleen 160 Duodenum 162 Small intestine 164 Large intestine 166 Ileocecal junction 168 Gastrointestinal tract: imaging 169 Mesenteric arteries 170 Liver 172 Vessels of the liver 174 Segments of the liver 175 Pancreas and gallbladder 176 Vasculature of pancreas and duodenum 179 Venous drainage of viscera 180 Portosystemic anastomoses 182 Posterior wall 183 Vessels of the posterior wall 184 Diaphragm 185 Kidneys 186 Gross structure of kidneys 188 Kidneys: imaging 189 Renal vasculature 190 Branches of the abdominal aorta 192 Inferior vena cava 193 Abdominal aorta and inferior vena cava: imaging 194 Lumbar plexus 196 Lumbar plexus: cutaneous distribution 197 Lymphatics 198 Abdominal innervation 199 Splanchnic nerves 200 Visceral efferent (motor) innervation diagram 201 Visceral afferent (sensory) innervation and referred pain diagram 202 Kidney and ureter visceral afferent (sensory) diagram 204 Tables 206 5 PELVIS AND PERINEUM Surface anatomy and articulated pelvis in men 212 Surface anatomy and articulated pelvis in women 214 Pelvic girdle 216 Pelvic girdle: imaging 217 Lumbosacral joint 218 Sacro-iliac joint 219 Pelvic inlet and outlet 220 Orientation of pelvic girdle and pelvic brim 221 Pelvic viscera and perineum in men 222 Pelvic viscera and perineum in men: imaging 223 Pelvic viscera and perineum in women 224 Pelvic viscera and perineum in women: imaging 225 Lateral wall of pelvic cavity 226 Floor of pelvic cavity: pelvic diaphragm 227 Rectum and bladder in situ 230 Rectum 231 Bladder in men 232 Bladder in women 233 Reproductive system in men 234 Prostate 235 Prostate and seminal vesicles 237 Scrotum 238 Testes 239 Penis 240 Reproductive system in women 241 Uterus and ovaries 242 Uterus 242 Uterus: imaging 243 Pelvic fascia 245 Arterial supply of pelvis 246 Venous drainage of pelvis 247 Vasculature of the pelvic viscera 248 Vasculature of uterus 249 Venous drainage of prostate and penis 250 Venous drainage of rectum 251 Sacral and coccygeal nerve plexuses 252 Pelvic nerve plexus 253 Hypogastric plexus 254 Surface anatomy of the perineum 255 Borders and ceiling of the perineum 258 Deep pouch and perineal membrane 259 Muscles and erectile tissues in men 260 Erectile tissue in men: imaging 261 Muscles and erectile tissues in women 262 Erectile tissue in women: imaging 263 Internal pudendal artery and vein 264 Pudendal nerve 265 Vasculature of perineum 266 Nerves of perineum 267 Lymphatics of pelvis and perineum in men 268 Lymphatics of pelvis and perineum in women 269 Lymphatics 270 Dermatomes 271 Innervation of reproductive system in men 272 Innervation of reproductive system in women 273 Innervation of bladder 274 Pelvic cavity imaging in men 275 Pelvic cavity imaging in women 278 Tables 284 6 LOWER LIMB Surface anatomy 292 Bones of the lower limb 293 Pelvic bones and sacrum 294 Articulated pelvis 295 Proximal femur 296 Hip joint 297 Hip joint: structure and arterial supply 299 Gluteal region: attachments and superficial musculature 300 Gluteal region: superficial and deep muscles 301 Gluteal region: arteries and nerves 302 Distal femur and proximal tibia and fibula 304 Thigh: muscle attachments 305 Thigh: anterior superficial musculature 306 Thigh: posterior superficial musculature 307 Thigh: anterior compartment muscles 308 Thigh: medial compartment muscles 309 Femoral triangle 310 Anterior thigh: arteries and nerves 311 Anterior thigh: arteries 312 Thigh: posterior compartment muscles 313 Posterior thigh: arteries and nerves 314 Transverse sections: thigh 316 Knee joint 318 Ligaments of the knee 320 Menisci and cruciate ligaments 322 Knee: bursa and capsule 326 Knee surface: muscles, capsule, and arteries 327 Popliteal fossa 328 Tibia and fibula 329 Bones of the foot 330 Bones and joints of the foot 333 Talus and calcaneus 334 Ankle joint 335 Ligaments of the ankle joint 336 Leg: muscle attachments 339 Posterior leg: superficial muscles 340 Posterior compartment: deep muscles 341 Posterior leg: arteries and nerves 342 Lateral compartment: muscles 343 Anterior leg: superficial muscles 344 Anterior compartment: muscles 345 Anterior leg: arteries and nerves 346 Leg: cutaneous nerves 347 Transverse sections: leg 348 Foot: muscle attachments 350 Foot: ligaments 351 Dorsum of foot 353 Dorsum of foot: arteries and nerves 354 Plantar aponeurosis 356 Plantar region (sole) musculature: first layer 357 Plantar region (sole) musculature: second layer 358 Plantar region (sole) musculature: third layer 359 Plantar region (sole) musculature: fourth layer 360 Plantar region (sole): arteries and nerves 361 Dorsal hood and tarsal tunnel 363 Superficial veins of the lower limb 364 Lymphatics of the lower limb 365 Anterior cutaneous nerves and dermatomes of the lower limb 366 Posterior cutaneous nerves and dermatomes of the lower limb 367 Tables 368 7 UPPER LIMB Surface anatomy 384 Bones of the upper limb 385 Bony framework of shoulder 386 Scapula 387 Clavicle: joints and ligaments 388 Proximal humerus 389 Glenohumeral joint 390 Muscle attachments 392 Pectoral region 394 Deep pectoral region 395 Walls of the axilla 396 The four rotator cuff muscles 398 Deep vessels and nerves of the shoulder 400 Axillary artery 401 Brachial artery 402 Brachial plexus 403 Medial and lateral cords 404 Posterior cord 405 Distal end of humerus and proximal end of radius and ulna 406 Muscle attachments 407 Anterior compartment: muscles 408 Anterior compartment: arteries and nerves 410 Veins of the arm 411 Posterior compartment: muscles 412 Posterior compartment: arteries and nerves 414 Lymphatics of the arm 415 Transverse sections: arm 416 Anterior cutaneous nerves of the arm 418 Posterior cutaneous nerves of the arm 419 Elbow joint 420 Elbow joint: capsule and ligaments 422 Cubital fossa 424 Radius and ulna 425 Bones of the hand and wrist joint 426 Imaging of the hand and wrist joint 427 Bones of the hand 428 Joints and ligaments of the hand 429 Muscle attachments of forearm 430 Anterior compartment of forearm: muscles 431 Anterior compartment of forearm: arteries and nerves 434 Posterior compartment of forearm: muscles 435 Posterior compartment of forearm: arteries and nerves 437 Transverse sections: forearm 438 Carpal tunnel 440 Muscle attachments of the hand 442 Superficial palmar region (palm) of hand 443 Tendon sheaths of hand 444 Lumbrical muscles 445 Intrinsic muscles of hand 446 Palmar region (palm) of hand: arteries and nerves 448 Arteries of the hand 450 Innervation of the hand: median and ulnar nerves 451 Dorsum of hand 452 Dorsal hoods 453 Dorsum of hand: arteries 454 Dorsum of hand: nerves 455 Anatomical snuffbox 456 Superficial veins and lymphatics of forearm 457 Anterior cutaneous nerves of forearm 458 Posterior cutaneous nerves of upper limb 459 Tables 460 8 HEAD AND NECK Surface anatomy with bones 476 Bones of the skull 477 Skull: anterior view 478 Skull: lateral view 480 Skull: posterior view 482 Skull: superior view and roof 483 Skull: inferior view 484 Skull: cranial cavity 485 Ethmoid, lacrimal bone, inferior concha, and vomer 486 Maxilla and palatine bone 487 Skull: muscle attachments 488 Scalp and meninges 490 Dural partitions 491 Dural arteries and nerves 492 Dural venous sinuses 493 Brain 494 Brain: imaging 496 Cranial nerves 498 Arterial supply to brain 500 Cutaneous distribution of trigeminal nerve [V] 503 Facial muscles 504 Vasculature, facial nerve [VII] and lymphatics 506 Deep arteries and veins of parotid region 507 Bony orbit 508 Section through orbit and structures of eyelid 509 Eyelids and lacrimal apparatus 510 Innervation of the lacrimal gland 511 Muscles of the eyeball 512 Innervation of the orbit and eyeball 513 Eye movements 514 Vasculature of orbit 515 Eyeball 516 Eye imaging 517 Ear surface and sensory innervation 520 Ear 521 Middle ear 522 Internal ear 524 Ear imaging 525 Temporal and infratemporal fossae 526 Bones of the temporal and infratemporal fossae 527 Temporal and infratemporal fossae 528 Temporomandibular joint 530 Mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve [V] 531 Parasympathetic innervation 532 Arteries and veins of temporal and infratemporal fossae 533 Pterygopalatine fossa 534 Neck surface anatomy 536 Bones of the neck 537 Compartments and fascia of the neck 538 Superficial veins of the neck 539 Muscles of the neck 540 Nerves in the neck 542 Cranial nerves in the neck 543 Cervical plexus and sympathetic trunk 544 Arteries of the neck 546 Root of the neck: arteries 548 Lymphatics of the neck 550 Pharynx 552 Muscles of the pharynx 554 Innervation of the pharynx 556 Vasculature of the pharynx 557 Larynx 558 Laryngeal cavity 560 Muscles of the larynx 561 Innervation of the larynx 562 Thyroid gland 563 Vasculature of the thyroid gland 564 Nose and paranasal sinuses 566 Nasal cavity: bones 567 Nasal cavity: mucosal linings 568 Vasculature and innervation of the nasal cavity 569 Sinus imaging 570 Oral cavity: bones 572 Teeth 573 Teeth: imaging 574 Anatomy of teeth 575 Vessels and nerves supplying teeth 576 Innervation of teeth and gums 577 Muscles and salivary glands of the oral cavity 578 Vessels and nerves of the tongue 579 Tongue 580 Hard and soft palate 581 Palate 582 Innervation of oral cavity 583 Cranial nerves 584 Visceral motor pathways in the head 586 Tables 588 INDEX 609
"a collection of beautifully drawn anatomical illustrations; each clearly labelled allowing for easy identification of the various structures...an excellent, pictorial anatomy guide for medical students learning anatomy for the first time whether they're in the dissection room or as part of their private study." UK Medical StudentBMA Book Awards 2008 - Highly Commended "The quality of the artistic illustrations is high with some being particularly clear and helpful. This is a valuable and welcome addition to the anatomy world which any student of the subject will find a valuable resource to support their learning and understanding of the complexity of the human body." This is a companion resource to the popular Gray's Anatomy for Students. It in you will find accurate and clear depictions of the anatomy of eight regions of our bodies. This extensive and intensive atlas of over 600 pages provides detailed full-color drawings of anatomical structures, and images obtained through computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) technologies. Many of the CT images were taken with contrast, so they present the anatomy in question much more clearly than would be possible in simple CT depictions. Gray's Atlas of Anatomy, second edition is an excellent resource for students and teachers of human anatomy. The fact that so much additional information is available and interaction is possible online makes it a truly outstanding, highly valuable product. Nano Khilnani