Modern cancer treatment relies on Monte Carlo simulations to help radiotherapists and clinical physicists better understand and compute radiation dose from imaging devices as well as exploit four-dimensional imaging data. With Monte Carlo-based treatment planning tools now available from commercial vendors, a complete transition to Monte Carlo-based dose calculation methods in radiotherapy could likely take place in the next decade. Monte Carlo Techniques in Radiation Therapy explores the use of Monte Carlo methods for modeling various features of internal and external radiation sources, including light ion beams. The book-the first of its kind-addresses applications of the Monte Carlo particle transport simulation technique in radiation therapy, mainly focusing on external beam radiotherapy and brachytherapy. It presents the mathematical and technical aspects of the methods in particle transport simulations. The book also discusses the modeling of medical linacs and other irradiation devices; issues specific to electron, photon, and proton ion beams and brachytherapy; and the optimization of treatment planning, radiation dosimetry, and quality assurance. Useful to clinical physicists, graduate students, and researchers, this book provides a detailed, state-of-the-art guide to the fundamentals, application, and customization of Monte Carlo techniques in radiotherapy. Through real-world examples, it illustrates the use of Monte Carlo modeling and simulations in dose calculation, beam delivery, kilovoltage and megavoltage imaging, proton radiography, device design, and much more.
Monte Carlo Fundamentals History of Monte Carlo Alex F. Bielajew Basics of Monte Carlo Simulations Matthias Fippel Variance Reduction Techniques Matthias Fippel Application of Monte Carlo Techniques in Radiation Therapy Applications of Monte Carlo to Radiation Dosimetry Hugo Bouchard and Jan Seuntjens Monte Carlo Modeling of External Photon Beams in Radiotherapy Frank Verhaegen Monte Carlo Modeling of External Electron Beams in Radiotherapy Frank Verhaegen Dynamic Beam Delivery and 4D Monte Carlo Emily Heath and Joao Seco Patient Dose Calculation Joao Seco and Maggy Fragoso Monte Carlo Methods and Applications for Brachytherapy Dosimetry and Treatment Planning Guillaume Landry, Mark R. Rivard, Jeffrey F. Williamson, and Frank Verhaegen Monte Carlo as a QA Tool for Advanced Radiation Therapy JinSheng Li and C.-M. Charlie Ma Electrons: Clinical Considerations and Applications Joanna E. Cygler and George X. Ding Photons: Clinical Considerations and Applications Michael K. Fix Monte Carlo Calculations for Proton and Ion Beam Dosimetry Hugo Palmans Protons: Clinical Considerations and Applications Harald Paganetti Application of Monte Carlo Methods to Radionuclide Therapy Michael Ljungberg Monte Carlo for Kilovoltage and Megavoltage Imaging George X. Ding and Andrew Fielding Monte Carlo Calculations for PET-Based Treatment Verification of Ion Beam Therapy Katia Parodi Monte Carlo Studies of Prompt Gamma Emission and of Proton Radiography/Proton-CT Joao Seco, Jerimy C. Polf, and Katia Parodi Monte Carlo for Treatment Device Design Bruce A. Faddegon GPU-Based Fast Monte Carlo Simulation for Radiotherapy Dose Calculation Xun Jia, Sami Hissoiny, and Steve B. Jiang Monte Carlo for Shielding of Radiotherapy Facilities Peter J. Biggs and Stephen F. Kry Index